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Fruits are an important staple of one's diet. Whether you have Diabetes 2 or not, fruits provide you with fiber, vitamins and minerals which are essential for a complete balanced diet. If you are suffering from Type 2 Diabetes you can still enjoy the benefits of fruits, except those fruits which contain high levels of carbohydrates and sugars and that can have an effect to increase your blood glucose level. While choosing a fruit, always opt for fresh fruit. If fresh fruits are not available try to find dried or frozen fruits with no additional sugar.
You must include fruits with a low Glycemic Index to control your Diabetes 2. The fruits with low Glycemic Index include Cherries, Prunes, Grapefruit, Dried Apricots, Raisins, Peach (canned juice), Apple, fresh Pear, Strawberries, Plum, Guava, Orange, Grapes, Papaya, Banana, Kiwi, Pineapple, Figs, and Mango.
Although watermelon has a high Glycaemic Index, the glycemic load per food serving (size of 120g) is low; so unless you consume lots in one go, it will not have a big effect on your blood glucose levels. So, a typical serving, because so much of it is water, contains very little carbohydrate and thus has a low glycemic load. However, since watermelon is high in sugar, you should still eat it in moderation.
You can consume these fruits either in raw or cooked form, or in the form of fruit juice, but with no added sugar! While buying fruits, try to buy small pieces. Try to avoid fruit juices. Instead opt for whole fruits since they contain more fiber and are more filling. If you must, when buying canned fruit juices, check the label for the following (which is the best): “unsweetened or extra-light,” or “no sugar added.” Stay away from fruits that are frozen or canned in heavy syrup.
Vegetables supply vitamins, minerals and fiber. The best vegetable choices can be found to have low amounts of carbohydrates! The vegetables recommended in a Type 2 Diabetes diet include Broccoli, Lettuce, Spinach, Cabbage, Asparagus, Brussels sprouts, Cauliflower, Radish, Turnip, Mushrooms, Green Peas, Soybean sprouts, Carrots, Onions, Peppers (all varieties), Green Beans, Eggplant, Celery, Cucumber, Zucchini, Tomatoes, Chilies, and vegetable juice.
Consume cooked or uncooked vegetables prepared with little or no fat, and with little or no dressings (or sauces). Opt for fat-free or low-fat dressings on salads, as well as on uncooked vegetables. In your vegetables dish, you can also mix in some chopped garlic or onions. Make use of low-fat broths or water to steam the vegetables. Also, add in some lemon juice or a little vinegar to put on your vegetables. You can even put in some smoked turkey or a few pieces of lean ham with vegetables while cooking (for flavoring), instead of any other kind fats. Another good idea is to sprinkle your vegetables with spices, peppers, and many of the commonly available herbs. If you still want to add some quantity of fat, make use of soft margarines, olive oil, or canola oil in place of butter or fatty meats.