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Diabetes can be different for a woman than for a man. Symptoms can vary between the genders and the complications are little more difficult to diagnose in women. Complications of women who have diabetes include higher risk for heart disease, lower survival rates after heart attack, higher risk of blindness, and a higher risk of depression. Woman who has diabetes has to take care of their health by understanding their diabetes and should follow the best method to manage it.
Know the diabetes Symptoms:
Most of the diabetes symptoms are common in women and in men and that include
- Weight loss
- Increased thirst and hunger
- Frequent urination
- Blurry vision
- Cuts or sores that don't seem to heal
- Numbness or tingling in your hands or feet
- Sexual dysfunction
Diabetes symptoms that are unique to women include:
- Yeast infections
- Urinary tract infections
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
These symptoms can be a chance of diabetes, but confirm it only after proper diagnosis suggested by diabetologist. In case of diabetes Type 2, there may be no symptoms at all.
Preventive measures you should remember:
Understand the Heart disease risk factors
Heart disease is the foremost cause of death in both women and men who have diabetes. For women, it is little different.
Get your blood lipids checked at least once a year. According to the diagnosis result, control your food choices and eat healthy vegetables and fruits, increase the physical activity, lose weight, and take prescribed medication. With the blood lipids, make sure you have checked your blood pressure as well. Though women are less likely to have a heart attack than men, still should know about the symptoms to understand it and seek help right away. Symptoms include Chest pain, women may be more likely to have discomfort in the neck, jaw, shoulder, or abdomen, pain in one or both arms, nausea or vomiting, sweating, lightheadedness, or fatigue.
Change in Blood Sugar levels
During certain time, blood sugar level can raise especially during the menopause or with the use of birth control pills or during pregnancy. During these times, women with Type 1 diabetes will be needed higher insulin doses. Make sure to get enough sleep, find time for physical activities and handle stress.
Pregnancy and Diabetes
Gestational diabetes is common. Women who have diabetes have successful pregnancies. But proper diagnosis, diet control and treatment are necessary. High blood sugar levels during the early weeks of pregnancy can raise the risk of birth defects, miscarriage, and diabetes complications. These risks can be avoided by keeping blood sugar levels well controlled three to six months before you become pregnant. In addition, seeking excellent prenatal care is important, as well.
Women who have Type 1 diabetes are twice as likely to develop an eating disorder as those without diabetes. Eating disorders include bulimia, binge eating disorder, and anorexia. Eating disorders are especially dangerous for women with diabetes, as they can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis, higher HbA1c levels, more infections, higher rates of complications, and more trips to the ER.