Video Courtesy of YouTube
Diabetes manifests in two major forms. One strain is both more common, and is considered less dangerous than the other. The most common form accounts for upwards of 85% of the diabetic patient community, is usually detected middle age onwards, and in high-risk patients who are either overweight or obese. The unusual strain of the disease is dependent on insulin injections, and develops in either children or young adults. It cannot be prevented, though it can be managed enough to lead healthy and fulfilling lives.
First Strain: Type 1 Diabetes
Usually seen in children or young adults and also called juvenile diabetes, this type makes the patient dependent on regular insulin injections. This happens because the patient cannot produce any or enough insulin to regulate glucose levels in his or her blood. The most common symptoms are fatigue, and dehydration caused by another symptom – increased urination. If left unchecked for long enough, type 1 diabetes could lead to diabetic ketosis. Once diagnosed, you can speak with your doctor about the different types of insulin available and how long they'll stay active in your blood. Food and exercise become very important, as well as monitoring your sugar levels regularly.
Second Strain: Type 2 Diabetes
This is the most common of the different types of diabetes. Here, a patient's develop insulin resistance even though his pancreas is working fine. Patients with a family history of the disease, and patients who are obese or have metabolic syndrome are at an increased chance of developing type 2 diabetes. Other groups who are at risk include women with PCOD or gestational diabetes, and depressives. Aggravating factors include stress, sleeping too much, getting no exercise and smoking. It is usually preceded by pre-diabetes.
Hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia are concerns diabetics will have to deal with on a day to day basis. Hypoglycemia occurs when there is too much insulin and too little sugar, causing a significant drop in blood sugar. This leads to dizziness, sweating, hunger and headaches. Hyperglycemia is increased blood sugar levels. Symptoms include stomachaches, breath smelling fruity, dry mouth and nausea.
What To Watch Out For In The Long Run
Patients of both types of diabetes should keep in mind that the disease affects your body as a whole, and not only your blood sugar level. In the long run, coronary problems like anginas and atherosclerosis become a factor. Neuropathy also occurs, with the loss of feeling in the tips of the fingers and toes. Excessive uncontrolled blood sugar levels can also cause complete loss of feeling in the arms and legs. Neuropathy also affects the gastrointestinal tract, with consequences like nausea and vomiting. Diabetes also causes glaucoma in the eyes, and loss of vision.
While diabetes can be debilitating disease, it is not insurmountable. A good diet, exercise plan and monitoring regime can prove their worth several times over. Reputable clinics like Apollo Sugar help in guiding both patients and care-givers in understanding the condition, recognising warning signs and stemming the progress of the illness.