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Diabetes is a chronic and lifelong disorder characterized by raised levels of sugar in the blood stream. There are basically two types of diabetes, type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is different from type 1 diabetes in the sense that the later occurs mostly at middle age as opposed to the former which occurs at birth or in childhood. Moreover, in type 2 diabetes fat, liver, and muscle cells do not respond correctly to insulin. This is called insulin resistance. As a result, blood sugar does not get into these cells to be stored for energy.
While there are a lot of medicines available today for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, including the new age type 2 diabetes treatment medications such as Avandia, Amaryl, Actos, Januvia, Glucatrol, Prandia and Starlix, metformin still stands out to be the best among these medicines for a multitude of different reasons. Metformin has been in the market for more than 15 years now and still remains one of the most popular type 2 treatment drug among the masses.
Although, its low cost and easy availability is also one of the key factors for its wide-spread popularity and preference over other expensive medications among the general population across the globe, it is prescribed by doctors for reasons other than the low cost and availability. Firstly, metformin side effects are minimal and mild as compared to the adverse effects of other type 2 diabetes treatment drugs, which have been observed to cause weight gain, fractures and even pose a risk to cardiovascular heart failure.
Metformin HCL not only is effective in treating type 2 diabetes but instead of causing weight gain as a side effect, the medicine can actually help a person to lose weight instead. As most type 2 diabetes patients are overweight and obese, the feature of weight loss with metformin comes as a positive side effect or an added bonus of this medication. It is for this very reason, metformin is sometimes prescribed to even overweight and obese individuals to not only help them lose weight but also prevent them from the risk of getting diabetes in the future.
As diabetics have insulin resistance which makes it difficult for cells to absorb sugar from the blood stream, thereby resulting in high levels of sugar build up in the blood, metformin hydrochloride 500 mg by allowing glucose to enter your body's tissues where it is used for energy, lowers blood sugar levels and make the tissues more responsive to insulin and thus help treat type 2 diabetes without any major side effect.
Metformin dosage depends on individual condition to be treated, therefore, you must consult your doctor before taking this medicine.