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Diabetes in a metabolic disease due to which a person suffers from high blood sugar levels for a prolonged period of time. There are several type of diabetes: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes. There also exists a condition called prediabetes which is when a person shows high blood sugar levels than normal but not high enough to confirm presence of diabetes and does not experience any symptoms or the sugar levels are lower than range for diabetes diagnosis. However the likeliness of it turning into type 2 diabetes is high if steps are not taken.
Type 1 diabetes is a condition that has no cure and cannot be prevented. In this condition the pancreas cannot produce insulin which is required by cells to convert sugar into energy.. Also, it is hereditary and so if your parents suffer from type 1, it is likely that you might have it too.. Type 2 on the other hand, is a type of diabetes that can be prevented if precautions are taken. People with prediabetes must follow these steps to ensure prevention:
- One of the biggest steps towards prevention is losing excess weight. The reason being that obesity makes body cells to resist effects of insulin, which further leads to type 2 diabetes. Keeping a healthy body weight is crucial in the process of prevention
- Some tests can help you to assess your risk of developing type 2 diabetes such as EZ Scan- Auto Analyzer. Based on the results of these tests you can take further precautions and also opt for a doctor's opinion if required
- Limiting your intake of processed food and snacks is another step that must be taken. These food products are high in salt and fat and increase your risk for diabetes. Try cooking healthier versions at home for a change.
- Eating a balanced and healthy diet is another step that must be taken for prevention. Cut back on the amount of salt and fats you eat; choose fresh fruits and vegetables as well as high fiber foods to help maintain a healthy weight.
- Exercise is crucial to ensure that you maintain a healthy body weight. Regular exercise also leads to an improvement in your blood pressure and cholesterol. World Health Organization recommends that one should perform at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity activity such as brisk walking, playing sports like badminton, tennis, cycling etc per week for good health.
It is always a better option to prevent this as treatment revolves around achieving and maintaining good sugar control but not a complete cure. As long as you maintain a healthy lifestyle, you should be able to prevent suffering from type 2 diabetes.. For management, each type of diabetes needs a different approach; and from a variety of diabetes treatment options available, your doctor will put you on the one that best works for you.